Does Insurance Cover Tubal Ligation?

Tubal ligation, also known as “getting your tubes tied,” is a form of permanent birth control. Many women opt for this procedure when they’re certain they don’t want to have any more children, as it’s highly effective and minimally invasive. However, one question that often comes up for women considering this procedure is whether or not their insurance will cover it. In this article, we’ll explore the answer to that question and more.

What is Tubal Ligation?

Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that involves cutting, tying, or blocking the fallopian tubes. This prevents an egg from being fertilized by sperm, thus resulting in permanent birth control. The procedure can be done in several ways, including through laparoscopy or mini-laparotomy. While it’s considered a permanent form of birth control, some women opt to have the procedure reversed if they decide they want to have more children in the future.

Does Insurance Cover Tubal Ligation?

The short answer is, yes, insurance does typically cover tubal ligation. Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), most insurance plans are required to cover all FDA-approved methods of contraception without any cost-sharing (i.e., out-of-pocket expenses) for the patient. That includes tubal ligation. However, there are a few things to keep in mind.

1. Your Insurance Plan

While most insurance plans cover tubal ligation, it’s important to check with your specific plan to make sure. Some plans may have exceptions or restrictions on certain types of birth control, including tubal ligation. You can typically find this information in your plan documents or by calling your insurance company.

2. Network Providers

If you have a preferred provider organization (PPO) or health maintenance organization (HMO) plan, you’ll need to make sure that the provider you choose to perform the procedure is in-network. Going out-of-network can result in higher costs for you, even if the procedure itself is covered.

3. Timing

Under the ACA, insurance plans must cover tubal ligation at no cost-sharing to the patient. However, that doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s covered at all times. Some plans may have restrictions on when the procedure can be done, such as only after a certain age or after giving birth. Be sure to check with your insurance company to find out if there are any such restrictions on your plan.

What About Tubal Ligation Reversal?

If you’ve had tubal ligation but now wish to have more children, you might consider tubal ligation reversal. This is a surgical procedure that attempts to reconnect the fallopian tubes so that eggs can once again travel from the ovaries to the uterus. However, tubal ligation reversal is not always covered by insurance.

What are the Costs of Tubal Ligation Reversal?

The cost of tubal ligation reversal can vary greatly depending on several factors, including the surgeon’s fees, hospital fees, and anesthesia fees. In some cases, the cost can be several thousand dollars. Unfortunately, most insurance plans do not cover this procedure, as it’s considered an elective surgery. If you’re considering tubal ligation reversal, it’s important to discuss the costs with your surgeon and insurance company beforehand.

Tubal Ligation FAQs

1. Is Tubal Ligation Reversible?

While tubal ligation is considered a permanent form of birth control, it is possible to have the procedure reversed. However, the success of the reversal varies greatly depending on several factors, including the type of tubal ligation performed, the length of the remaining fallopian tubes, and the age of the woman. It’s important to speak with your doctor about your options if you’re considering reversal.

2. Does Tubal Ligation Affect Hormones?

No, tubal ligation does not affect hormones. The procedure only affects the fallopian tubes and does not alter the production of hormones in the body.

3. Is Tubal Ligation Painful?

While tubal ligation is a surgical procedure, it is usually done under general anesthesia and is not considered painful. Some women may experience mild discomfort after the procedure, but this can typically be managed with over-the-counter pain medications.

4. How Soon Can I Return to Normal Activities After Tubal Ligation?

Most women can return to normal activities within a week of having tubal ligation. However, it’s important to follow your doctor’s instructions regarding rest and recovery, as well as any restrictions on exercise or lifting.

5. Does Tubal Ligation Increase the Risk of Ovarian Cancer?

No, tubal ligation does not increase the risk of ovarian cancer. In fact, some studies have shown that it may actually decrease the risk of ovarian cancer.


Tubal ligation is a highly effective form of permanent birth control. While insurance typically covers the procedure, it’s important to check with your specific plan to make sure. If you’re considering tubal ligation reversal, be aware that it’s typically not covered by insurance and can be expensive. As with any medical procedure, it’s important to discuss your options with your doctor and insurance company beforehand.