healthcare

There are many health services and a good range of health care services should be provided under a good health care system. The United States does not have the best health care in the world, but it can be said to have the best emergency care system in the world. The fact behind this is that America has the highest level of poverty and income inequality among all rich and developed countries and it affects people’s reach to proper health services.

Health systems are designed to meet the health care needs of a particular nation or population. Healthcare planning and proper implementation of the system are much more necessary for any country or government. According to the World Health Report 2000 “Better performance is good health, responsiveness to the expectations of the population and fair financial contribution.” Duckett (2004) proposed a two-dimensional approach to health system evaluation: “quality, efficiency and acceptability in one dimension and equity in the other.”

To have the best health care, UNICEF advises that there should be three primary steps that can then systematically improve health services and complete a health system.

1. Standards

2. Assessment and Accreditation

3. Supporting Material

Seven years ago, the World Health Organization made its first major attempt to rank the health systems of 191 countries. The following parameters were considered for the best care services;

· Insurance coverage

· Access

· Honesty

· Health Lives

· Quality

· Life and death

· Patient satisfaction

· Use of ICT

· First-class care

· Walk-in clinic

Health is a state of well-being, whether physical, mental, social or psychological. Health services are a fundamental part of any community, therefore financial stability and proper medical coverage through insurance or other means is very necessary for a human being to live and stay normally. A proper process-oriented structure is required, implemented by the government to provide the health services to every citizen. The healthcare system is responsible for providing proper health care to the people with their arm i.e. caregivers. These health services are paid for and can be paid for by the patient, by an insurance plan, or by the government. Charities and volunteers also play their part in providing health services to those who cannot afford them. There can be different ways of providing health services to the patient, normally they can be divided into two main categories;

· Eye in eye:

This is the most common way that the health care provider physically communicates with the patient and after reviewing and understanding the issues, diagnoses the problem or suggests some tests or medications.

· Non-face to face:

Telecommunication is the latest emerging facility, which is now also used to provide health services. The practitioner can communicate with the patient by phone, email, SMS or video conference and can then make further suggestions.

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Health services are also provided in schools where the children can be taken care of. UNESCO has published a series of resources to guide school health care providers. Following are the basic parameters that must be met;

· HIV/AIDS

· Food and nutrition

· Helminthes and hygiene

Malaria

· Violence

· Drugs, tobacco and alcohol

In any system of health services, there can be the following three types of health services.

1. Primary Health Care:

When someone needs health care in normal and daily life, such as a general practitioner, nurse, nurse practitioner, physiotherapist, pharmacist, etc. Primary health care often includes prevention and treatment of common illnesses and injuries.

2. Secondary Healthcare Services:

When someone needs special care, he/she is referred to a specialized care unit, such as a hospital or nursing home, to provide secondary health services.

3. Complementary/Additional Care Services:

The services normally provided to seniors, children or who do not have proper medical coverage or payment options and the expanses are covered by government funds or by a voluntary or charitable organization.