What is Life Insurance For?

Life insurance is a financial protection tool that helps you ensure the financial security of your loved ones in case of your untimely death. It provides a certain amount of money, known as the death benefit, to your beneficiaries upon your demise. People usually buy life insurance to support their family, pay off debts, or cover final expenses.

Types of Life Insurance

Life insurance can be generally classified into two types: term life insurance and permanent life insurance.

Term Life Insurance

Term life insurance provides coverage for a specified period of time, typically 10, 20, or 30 years. The premiums you pay for term life insurance are generally lower compared to permanent life insurance. However, once the policy expires, you won’t receive any benefits.

Term life insurance is a good option if you want to ensure your family’s financial security during a specific period, such as when your kids are in college or when you still have a mortgage to pay off.

Permanent Life Insurance

Permanent life insurance provides coverage for your entire life, as long as you keep paying the premiums. The premiums for permanent life insurance are usually higher than those for term life insurance. However, permanent life insurance policies also come with a cash value component that accumulates over time. You can borrow or withdraw money from this cash value account.

Permanent life insurance is a good option if you want to ensure your family’s financial security for your entire life, and also want to build up a savings component for yourself. It’s also a good option if you want to leave behind a legacy for your heirs.

How Does Life Insurance Work?

When you buy a life insurance policy, you select a death benefit amount and nominate one or more beneficiaries who will receive the benefit upon your death. You need to pay a premium, either monthly or annually, to keep the policy active.

If you die during the policy term, your beneficiaries will receive the death benefit amount tax-free. If you outlive the policy term, you won’t receive any benefits. However, if you have a permanent life insurance policy, you can withdraw or borrow money from the cash value account.

Why Do You Need Life Insurance?

Here are some reasons why you might need life insurance:

To Support Your Family

If you’re the primary breadwinner of your family, your sudden demise can leave your family in financial distress. Life insurance can help them pay their bills, mortgages, and other expenses.

To Pay Off Debts

If you have debts such as mortgages, credit card debts, or personal loans, your death might put an extra burden on your family. Life insurance can help them pay off those debts.

To Cover Final Expenses

Your final expenses, such as funeral and burial costs, can add up quickly. Life insurance can help your family cover these costs.


Who can buy life insurance?
Anyone can buy life insurance, as long as they meet the age and health requirements set by the insurance company.
How much life insurance do I need?
It depends on your financial obligations, such as your debts, mortgage, and the number of dependents you have. A general rule of thumb is to buy a policy that provides a death benefit of 10 to 12 times your annual income.
Can I change my beneficiaries?
Yes, you can change your beneficiaries at any time by notifying your insurance company.
Can I get life insurance if I have a pre-existing medical condition?
It depends on the condition and its severity. You might be able to get coverage, but the premiums will be higher.


Life insurance is a crucial financial protection tool that ensures your loved ones are taken care of in case of your untimely death. It provides a death benefit that can help your family pay off debts, cover final expenses, and maintain their standard of living. By understanding the different types of life insurance and their benefits, you can make an informed decision about buying a policy that suits your needs and budget.