What is Deductible in Insurance?

Insurance policies can be complex and overwhelming, especially when it comes to understanding the deductible. A deductible is a predetermined amount of money that you, the policyholder, must pay before insurance coverage begins. In other words, it’s the amount you agree to pay out-of-pocket before the insurance company starts paying for the covered damages or losses. Let’s take a closer look at what a deductible is and how it works.

What is a Deductible?

A deductible is a fixed dollar amount that you are responsible for paying before your insurance coverage takes effect. It’s a way of sharing the risk between the policyholder and the insurance company. The higher the deductible, the lower the premium, and vice versa. For example, if you have a $1,000 deductible on your auto insurance policy, you will be responsible for paying the first $1,000 of any covered damages to your car, and then the insurance company will pay the rest of the expenses up to your coverage limit.

It’s essential to understand that deductibles only apply to certain types of insurance policies, such as homeowners, renters, auto, and health insurance. Each policy has its own deductible amount and terms, which are usually outlined in the policy documents.

How do Deductibles Work?

Let’s say you have a $1,000 deductible on your home insurance policy, and a hailstorm causes $5,000 of damage to your roof. You will have to pay the first $1,000 of the repair costs out of your pocket. The insurance company will then cover the remaining $4,000, as long as it falls within your coverage limits. If the damage cost less than your deductible, you will have to pay for the entire repair yourself.

It’s important to note that deductibles are typically applied per claim, not per policy period. This means you will have to pay your deductible every time you file a claim, even if it’s for the same type of loss, like hail damage. Also, some policies have separate deductibles for different types of losses. For example, your auto insurance policy may have one deductible for collision coverage and another for comprehensive coverage.

Types of Deductibles

While most deductibles work in a straightforward way, some insurance policies offer different types of deductibles. Here are some of the most common ones:

Type of Deductible
Flat Deductible
A fixed dollar amount that remains the same regardless of the loss amount.
Percentage Deductible
A percentage of the total loss amount that varies based on the type of coverage.
Split Deductible
A policy with different deductibles for different types of coverage.
Vanishing Deductible
A deductible that decreases over time, usually for safe driving or no claims filed.
Aggregate Deductible
A deductible that applies to multiple claims, rather than per-claim.


Q. Can I choose my deductible amount?

A. Yes, most insurance policies give you the option to choose your deductible amount. Keep in mind that the higher the deductible, the lower your premium, but the more you will have to pay out-of-pocket if you file a claim.

Q. Are deductibles tax deductible?

A. No, deductibles are not tax deductible. However, if you pay for a deductible with funds from a Health Savings Account (HSA), they are tax-free.

Q. How often should I review my deductible amount?

A. It’s a good idea to review your deductible amount every year or so to make sure you’re comfortable with the amount you’re paying out-of-pocket. If you’ve had a major life event, such as buying a new house or car, you may want to consider adjusting your deductible to better suit your needs.

Q. Does my deductible apply to liability claims?

A. No, deductibles only apply to claims for damages or losses that involve your own property. Liability claims, where you’re being sued for causing damage or injury to someone else, do not have a deductible.

Q. What if I can’t afford to pay my deductible?

A. If you cannot afford to pay your deductible, some insurance companies offer payment plans or financing options. You may also be able to negotiate a lower deductible with your insurance company, but this will likely result in a higher premium.

Q. Can I change my deductible amount after I file a claim?

A. No, you cannot change your deductible amount after you file a claim. Your deductible must be agreed upon before you file the claim, and it cannot be changed until your policy renewal date.

In conclusion, understanding your insurance policy’s deductible is crucial to make informed decisions about your coverage. By knowing how deductibles work, the different types of deductibles, and frequently asked questions, you can better protect yourself against unexpected losses and damages.