WildLife Photography: Pros and Cons

India is among the twelve best countries in the world in terms of wildlife and forests that portray ‘Mega Diversity’. Remote mountains, glacial plateaus, moist evergreen foothills, rainforests and dry scrub, deserts, saline plains, mangrove swamps, lush montane forests, grassy meadows, shady waterholes; tall, feathery bamboos together support an amazing variety of wildlife.

Since centuries ago animals have been worshiped in India, for example elephants are seen as Lord Ganesha and monkeys as Hanumana.

A very large number of national parks and sanctuaries have now been established in India to provide a natural habitat for animals. “TIGER” is National Animal and “PEACOCK” is National Bird of India. This is the only place in the world where one can see the majestic beauty of Tiger in a single visit to Bandhavgarh, Kanha or Ranthambore National Park. Tiger has now become one of the most important animals of India.

Corbett National Park – India’s oldest national park and the Periyar Reserve is home to the Asian elephants. The Kaziranga in Assam is the homeland of a horned rhinoceros. The Gir Forest of Gujrat is now the only place in all of Asia for Asiatic lions. World Heritage Keoladeo Ghana National Park, a bit of wetland attracts some of the largest congregations of migratory waterfowl.

The flora includes 15000 flowering plants which make up 6% of the world total. India’s faunal diversity is also high, with its 1178 bird species representing 14% of the world total. Likewise, there are over 500 species of mammals, 30,000 insects, and over 400 species of reptiles. In short, this subcontinent is a paradise for those who like to observe the grace and beauty of its flora and fauna and for those who want to capture it on film.

With an amazing variety of flora and fauna, it is unfortunate to know that approximately 250 animals are in danger of extinction and need immediate protection. A few of them, such as the cheetah, are already extinct and many more are in the line that survive miserably on their last legs, for example Tiger, Golden Langur, a few species of deer and monkeys and certainly some birds.

Several attempts had been made by the Indian government to protect and perforate this rich fauna and beautiful nature. One of the success stories is that of the “Project Tiger”, the most spectacular and that, which under its broad umbrella has saved many forests. Project Tiger succeeded mainly through the strong, evocative symbol of the tiger itself to unite public opinion not in India but worldwide.

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In 1972, India declared a number of animals and birds as fully protected and initiated the “Tiger Project”, declaring 11 sanctuaries, reserved forests and national parks for tigers exclusively in the Indian subcontinent. Wildlife conservation measures taken since independence have paid off to some extent. Now we have over 200 sanctuaries, national parks and reserve forests spread across the country. Some of these are as large as 780 square kilometers and the smaller ones cover an area of ​​about 26 square kilometers. Most of these are easily accessible by road and rail and some even by air. Furnished rooms, dormitories, Forest Department retirement home and private hotels with all amenities are available. Roads are good in most sanctuaries and national parks. In some places, watchtowers stand at waterholes. Common animals galore.