What is Medicare Insurance?

As we age, healthcare becomes increasingly important. However, healthcare expenses can be incredibly high, especially in the United States. This is where Medicare insurance comes in – it’s a federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain younger people with disabilities, and people with end-stage renal disease.

How Does Medicare Insurance Work?

Medicare insurance is divided into several parts:

Part A
Covers hospital stays, hospice care, and some skilled nursing care
Part B
Covers doctor visits, outpatient care, and some preventive services
Part C
Also known as Medicare Advantage, this is an all-in-one alternative to Original Medicare that is offered by private insurance companies
Part D
Covers prescription drugs

Most people are automatically enrolled in Part A when they turn 65, but they have to sign up for Part B and Part D if they want the coverage. Alternatively, they can choose to enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan, which typically includes Parts A, B, and D.

It’s worth noting that Medicare doesn’t cover all healthcare costs – there are still out-of-pocket expenses and deductibles. However, it can be a significant help for those who need expensive medical care.

Who is Eligible for Medicare Insurance?

To be eligible for Medicare insurance, you generally need to be:

  • 65 or older
  • A U.S. citizen or permanent legal resident for at least 5 years
  • Eligible for Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits, or have paid into Medicare through self-employment taxes

Younger people with certain disabilities and people with end-stage renal disease may also be eligible for Medicare.

What are the Costs for Medicare Insurance?

Medicare insurance costs can vary depending on your specific plan, income, and healthcare needs. Here are some general guidelines:

  • Part A is generally free if you or your spouse paid Medicare taxes for at least 10 years.
  • Part B premiums are based on your income and can range from $148.50 to $504.90 per month in 2021.
  • Part C (Medicare Advantage) plans have their own costs and may have additional premiums on top of Part B premiums. However, some plans offer $0 premiums.
  • Part D (prescription drug) plans also have their own costs and vary depending on the specific plan and the medications you need.

It’s important to review your options and costs carefully before choosing a Medicare plan.


What if I don’t sign up for Medicare when I’m first eligible?

If you don’t sign up for Medicare when you’re first eligible, you may face late enrollment penalties and gaps in coverage. You can sign up during certain enrollment periods, but your costs may be higher.

Can I use Medicare if I’m still working?

Yes, you can still use Medicare if you’re still working. However, if you have employer-sponsored healthcare, you may want to delay signing up for some parts of Medicare to avoid duplicating coverage.

Can I change my Medicare plan?

Yes, you can change your Medicare plan annually during open enrollment periods. This can be a good opportunity to review your costs and make sure your plan still meets your healthcare needs.

Does Medicare cover long-term care?

Medicare only covers some skilled nursing care and hospice care. It does not cover long-term care in a nursing home, assisted living facility, or similar care setting.

Are there income limits for Medicare eligibility?

There are no income limits for Medicare eligibility. However, you may pay higher premiums for Parts B and D if your income exceeds certain thresholds.

Overall, Medicare insurance can be a valuable resource for older adults and certain people with disabilities. It’s important to review your options, costs, and eligibility carefully to make the best decision for your healthcare needs.