Robinson Crusoe – His universal popularity

Daniel Defoe was born in 1659 in St. Gille’s, Cripplegate in London. He was a man of many shades. These various personal traits are reflected in his literary contribution. He had practiced numerous professions during his life. Some of his important masterpieces such as “Essay on Progects” (1698), “The True born English Man” (1701), “The Hymn to Pillary” (1703), “Consolidator” (1705), “Apparition of Mrs. Veal” (1706), “History of the Union” (1708-09), “Reasons Against the Succession of the House of Hanover” (1712), “A General History of Trade” (1713), “Robinson Crusoe” (1719), “Captain Singleton” (1720), “Mole Flanders” (1722) “Rexona or the Fortunate Mistress” (1724) and other important works of literature will remain glorious through the ages.

At the age of sixty, Daniel Defoe picks up his magic pen again to write a multidimensional novel “Robinson Crusoe” (1719). After the completion of his novel, Daniel Defoe gains immense popularity among various groups of readers and admirers. He takes the inspiration for writing “Robinson Crusoe” from the true events of Alexander Selkirk. Alexander Selkirk also spends five years all alone on a desolate island.

However, Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe” remains a very popular novel for everyone. “Robinson Crusoe” can be ranked with Bunyan’s “The Pilgrim’s Progress” and with Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels”. Every school age boy and girl is very interested in the story of “Robinson Crusoe”. It has the magic. tender spirits. It has the exquisite taste of adventure that is irresistible and no one can avoid it. Defoe knows the real magic that strikes the heart of everyone of every age. Here lies the popularity and universality of “Robinson Crusoe”.

The main character of the novel “Robinson Crusoe”, Robinson loves to travel. He ignores the precious instructions and advice of his parents. He runs away from his home to explore new places and unknown lands. He’s going to London. From London he sails to Guinea with an English captain. But unfortunately he is captured by the Turkish pirates. After two years of slavery, he finally manages to free himself. But due to the bad weather, the ship is wrecked and all other members of the ship are killed.

Only Robinson is left to survive. He has been cast on a deserted island. He thanks his fate for his survival. But at the same time he discovered that he is the only living human in that unknown place. He feels joy, but sorrow is too close to that most desired joy. He does not find a single person with whom to share his thoughts. He has no shelter, no food, no drink, no comfort and security. But it is the innate nature of man to make the required adjustment. Robinson also adapts to nature and the situation.

He sleeps on the branches of the trees for a few days. He has no idea about that island. Gradually he notices that his ship is getting near the coast due to the tides. He goes to the ship carrying very essential goods. He carries food, bread, rice, cheese, wine, dried fruit, barley, wheat, carpenter’s tools, guns, nails, nails, bedding, clothing, and hundreds of other vital equipment. He will be given a suitable place where he can set up his new, protected hiding place. He stores everything in his shelter and makes it fit to live in it. But soon he changes his place and moves to a new location, where he finds much more benefit. He makes a fence around his tent that gives much more security.

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Now he gives thanks to Almighty God for saving his life and for a peaceful life on this island. He reads the Bible. Now he has two parrots and a dog, which he takes from the ship. He learns to farm. He learns how to make earthen vessels and vessels and how to make them durable as well. He divides twenty-four hours between various household tasks. He is truly thankful to God for saving his life and giving him everything. Until now, Robinson uses nature during his life on the unknown island.

Suddenly one day he discovers two canoes and eleven cannibals on the shore. For the first time he feels danger. But Robinson fights against the enemies very bravely and saves the lives of the innocent. Somehow he finds a very trustworthy and innocent human being. He starts calling him on Friday. He calls him Friday like he gets him Friday. Robinson gives him items of clothing. He teaches him to eat well and to speak “master”, “yes” and “no”. He tells him about God and turns him into a good Christian. Like an obedient Friday, his master also follows. He learns various household chores. He treats Robinson like his father. Robinson gets a companion on a deserted island. He feels quite relieved by Friday’s company. Both Robinson and Friday bravely fight off more cannibals and save the prisoners’ lives. Through various friendly adventures and excitement, Robinson leaves the deserted island along with Friday and embarks on a new journey to new places.

Defoe packages his novel “Robinson Crusoe” using adventure, suspense, thrills, reflections, morals, cannibals and loneliness. These are the elements for the popularity of his novel. Defoe makes his hero Robinson strong, hardy, courageous, skilled and experienced which is why he challenges to such an unfriendly environment in the beginning. Defoe very skillfully mixes both reality and imagination. His imagination is full of reality. The episodes of the novel are really convincing. We never feel that it is a work of pure imagination. Defoe’s hero is both happy and sad. He is sad because he is all alone on a lonely island. On the other hand, he is happy because God saved his life and provided him with all good amenities in such an island.

Defoe writes “Robinson Crusoe” in a very simple and spontaneous style. Its simple style invites its readers to read more. Simple, easy, spontaneous, simple, informal, full of allegory, charming disposition – all these are the best ingredients that make the novel “Robinson Crusoe” a popular novel in every stage of life and all over the world.