Healthcare systems refer to a particular system involving different people from different organizations and institutions who have only one purpose. This purpose is to meet health needs or provide health care to a specific number of people in a specific place. These services are provided by a variety of health care providers, including nurses, doctors, dentists, optometrists, and other health professionals. These people may be part of for-profit/non-profit, government-owned organizations, or charities.
Where do these organizations and institutions get their money to carry out their tasks? Essentially, there are five ways health care systems are funded: taxes, social insurance, private health insurance, out-of-pocket expenses, and donations.
Usually, individuals and people who own different types of real estate are known as taxpayers. Unlike other types of payments and donations, tax isn’t actually something you can’t afford because it has to be paid. Like it or not, you have to pay a certain amount of tax to support the government and its programs. It is something that the government demands to be paid in a certain period of time. A portion or a small portion of the taxes collected will then be given as their money to government-run healthcare facilities.
Social insurance, on the other hand, is another way of financing health care. Basically, this is a program that is fully supported by the government. It can be financed by taxes, but it can also be financed by premiums paid by the persons concerned or by other persons on behalf of the persons concerned.
Private health insurance is similar to social insurance in some ways, but they also have their differences. Participation in private health insurance is not mandatory, but purchasing insurance will give you a chance to decide which insurer to go with. Your benefits are also based on a contract while you are in social insurance, it is based on a statute.
Out-of-pocket expenses refer to the money spent that may or may not be repayable. It is basically the amount that the patient has to pay to the healthcare provider for the medical care provided without anyone else being involved, such as an insurer or the government.
And not the least funding method, donations. This is considered a gift given by someone without expecting anything in return. Donations are usually given for charitable purposes and to help other people. Donations can be in any form such as money, food, service, toys and other items as long as they are given voluntarily. Healthcare systems are not only funded by donations, but there are more of them than you know.
With these five methods, health care systems can serve their purpose very well. Different countries actually use a combination of one of the five methods to get their money’s worth and provide health care to their communities.